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MOSQUES

The parts of a mosque complex (külliye):

Bimarhane - mental hospital

Çeşme – fountain

Dar-ül kura – Koran school

Darüsşifa - hospital

Dergah - dervish lodge

Dershane – lecture hall

Hamam – Turkish bath

Hastane – hospital

Hücre – student’s cell (room)

İmaret – soup kitchen

Kervansaray – inn where traders and their animals could stay

Medrese – religious seminary

Şadırvan – ablutions fountain

(Sibyan) Mektep – primary school

Tabhane – hospice for traveling dervishes

Tekke – dervish lodge

Türbe - tomb


Inside the mosque

Hünkar mahfili – private box for the sultan, often accessible via private entrance

Kürsü – seat from which imam reads Koran

Mimber – pulpit, usually at top of a flight of steps

Mihrab – niche in the wall facing towards Mecca

Minaret – tower from which call to prayer is made

Müezzin mahfili – private pew where muezzin sings responses to imam’s prayers

Şerefe - balcony of minaret

 


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